Yesterday’s class was a continuation from the past week on a Hadith regarding admonition based on a book called جامع العلوم والحكم by Ibn Rajab.
ﻋﻦ ﺗﻤﻴﻢ ﺑﻦ ﺃﻭﺱ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺭﻱ ، ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻗﺎﻝ : (ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻴﺤﺔ ﺛﻼﺛﺎ ) ، ﻗﻠﻨﺎ ﻟﻤﻦ ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ؟ ، ﻗﺎﻝ : ( ﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﻪ ﻭﻟﺮﺳﻮﻟﻪ ﻭﻷﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﻴﻦ ﻭﻋﺎﻣﺘﻬﻢ ) ( ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ.)
Abu Ruqayyah Tamim ibn ‘Aws Ad-Dary (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said,
“Religion is nasihah”, the people said, “To whom?” The Prophet replied, “To Allah and to His Book, and to His Messenger, and to the Leaders of the Muslims, and to the common folk of the Muslims.” (Recorded by Muslim)
According to Al Khataby, nasihah is a word that expresses a sentence, it desires for good for the one who is advised. He explained further, “The linguistic root of nasihah means purity”. This is in the same sense as,
نصحت العسل بمعنى خلصت العسل من الشمع
“Honey is purified from the wax”
Nasihah is the heart’s attention for an advised action regardless of the person.
The nasihah which is obligatory in the sight of Allah is the intense attention of the one giving advice for that which is advised in performing that which is obligatory and avoiding that which is prohibited.
The nasihah which is supererogatory is the preference of the love of Allah over the love for oneself. This includes performing of supererogatory acts of obedience and leaving the unlawful and disliked.
The nasihah for His Book is the intense of love and reverence for its position, as it is the Speech of the Creator and the intense desire to understand it. It is also the intense desire to reflect upon it, find the meanings of it to understand more about Himself thus performing after understanding.
The nasihah for the Prophet (peace be upon him) was to exert effort in his obedience, support and aid, and speed to his love. After the death of Prophet (peace be upon him), it was the care to follow his sunnah, revive his manners and ethics, honour his orders and perform them, and extreme anger and to turn away form anyone who perform their religion without following his Sunnah and whoever follow his Sunnah for the sake of some worldly gain. It is also love for whoever was his relatives, hijrah support, and accompanied him for the sake of Islam and imitated him in manners and dress.
The nasihah for leaders (political and religious) of the Muslims, is love for their righteousness, guidance and justice. It is also to be devout by obeying them in obedience to Allah, and hating those who choose to rebel against them and prefer to glorify themselves rather than showing obedience to Allah the Glorified and The Magnificent.
The nasihah for Muslims is to love for them what you love for yourself, and to hate for them what you hate for yourself, and to feel mercy towards them. Some of the ways of nasihah to them are by keeping injury or ill from them, preferring the poor, educating the ignorant and returning with gentleness and wisdom any of them who went astray from the truth, and being gentle in ordering righteousness and forbidding evil.
The manners of nasihah: As Salafus Solih (the Pious Predecessors) were secretive when giving advice to anyone to the extent, some of them said, “Whoever advised his brother regarding what is between them, it is advice. Yet whoever advised him in front of people, it is a reprimand.”